We understand as parents, those extra teeth growing through the gums of your children other than regular ones are concerning. This condition, although rare, can affect anyone and is known as hyperdontia or supernumerary teeth. If your child is showing any excess teeth, firstly, do not panic, and secondly, ring your pediatric dentist to find a solution for this. Early detection and treatment can prevent disruption to any form of dental development that may happen. While you wait for medical intervention to take place, here are some facts about this condition that might help you out.

Hyperdontia Symptoms

The primary symptom of excess teeth protrusion is the vivid presence of extra ones directly behind or close to your usual primary or permanent teeth. More often than not, they appear in adults and are more common in men than women.

These teeth are divided according to their shape and location.

Shapes:

  • Supplemental: The extra tooth takes a shape similar to the type it grows near.
  • Tuberculate: It has a tube-like or barrel-shaped look.
  • Compound and Complex odontoma. In the former, the group comprises several small growths near each other. At the same time, the complex shows up as a disordered group.
  • Conical or peg-shaped. The base of the tooth is wide and neatly narrows out near the top, giving it a sharp appearance.

Locations:

  • Paramolar is extra tooth growth at the back of your mouth, next to one of the molars.
  • The distomolar structure grows in line with other molars rather than around them.
  • Mesiodens are extra teeth behind or around your incisors.

The Reasons Behind Extra Teeth Growth In Gums

Unfortunately, there is not enough evidence to pinpoint the exact cause of hyperdontia, but the phenomenon seems to be due to hereditary factors such as the following:

  • Gardner’s syndrome: It is a rare genetic disorder that develops skin cysts, skull growths, and colon growths.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: This condition is inherited and causes loose joints that are more prone to dislocate, increased tendency to bruising, scoliosis, and painful muscles and joints.
  • Fabry disease: Any person suffering from this condition loses their ability to sweat, has painful hands and feet with red or blue skin rash all over, along with abdominal pain.
  • Cleft Lip and Palate: These birth defects are characterized by an opening in the roof of the mouth that leads to trouble eating or speaking and an increased incidence of ear infections.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Growth of extra teeth is relatively easy to diagnose if they are already in. However, in case they have not fully grown out of the gums, they show up on an X-ray. Moreover, they may also use a CT scan for an extensive look at the oral cavity.

Treatment

Although some cases are devoid of treatment, others may need the removal of those extra teeth from your gums.

If they are beginning to affect your dental hygiene or cause delays in the eruption of permanent teeth, taking them out as soon as possible is the right way to move forward. However, in case of mild discomfort, taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen for pain will suffice.

Closing Note

Getting help from a pediatric dentist in case your child is showing signs of hyperdontia, is the best course of action. Timely treatment can save your child from the prospect of agony later on. If you want our help, feel free to contact Dr. Rosita Hamidi, a graduate of the University of Texas Dental Branch, Houston, at Smile Time Dental. Visit our clinic or call us at (281) 245-0711 to schedule a same-day appointment.

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